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As so often, it is Athena who takes the initiative in giving the story a new direction She is ambivalent, variously asking Artemis to kill her and, apparently, considering marrying one of the suitors. When the disguised Odysseus returns, she announces in her long interview with the disguised hero that whoever can string Odysseus's rigid bow and shoot an arrow through twelve axe heads may have her hand.
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There is debate as to whether Penelope is aware that Odysseus is behind the disguise. Penelope and the suitors know that Odysseus were he in fact present would easily surpass all in any test of masculine skill, so she may have intentionally started the contest as an opportunity for him to reveal his identity.
On the other hand, because Odysseus seems to be the only person perhaps excepting Telemachus who can actually use the bow, she could just be further delaying her marriage to one of the suitors. When the contest of the bow begins, none of the suitors are able to string the bow, but Odysseus does, and wins the contest.
Having done so, he proceeds to slaughter the suitors—beginning with Antinous whom he finds drinking from Odysseus' cup—with help from Telemachus, Athena and two slaves, Eumaeus the swineherd and Philoetius the cowherd.
Penelope the flamingo
Odysseus has now revealed himself in all his glory with a little makeover by Athena ; yet Penelope cannot believe that her husband has really returned—she fears that it is perhaps some god in disguise, as in the story of Alcmene —and tests him by ordering her slave Eurycleia to move the bed in their bridal-chamber. Odysseus protests that this cannot be done since he made the bed himself and knows that one of its legs is a living olive tree.
In some early sources such as Pindar , Pan's father is Apollo via Penelope. Pausanias 8. Other sources Duris of Samos ; the Vergilian commentator Servius report that Penelope slept with all suitors in Odysseus' absence, and gave birth to Pan as a result.
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Penelope is recognizable in Greek and Roman works, from Attic vase-paintings—the Penelope Painter is recognized by his representations of her—to Roman sculpture copying or improvising upon classical Greek models, by her seated pose, by her reflective gesture of leaning her cheek on her hand, and by her protectively crossed knees, reflecting her long chastity in Odysseus' absence, an unusual pose in any other figure.
Latin references to Penelope revolved around the sexual loyalty to her absent husband. It suited the marital aspect of Roman society representing the tranquility of the worthy family. The use of Penelope in Latin texts provided a basis for her ongoing use in the Middle Ages and Renaissance as a representation of the chaste wife. This was reinforced by her being named by Saint Jerome among pagan women famed for their chastity.
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In their performance Penelope Sleeps the Norvegian performance artist Mette Edvardsen and the composer Matteo Fargion are examining alternative scenarios for the mythological female role figure of Penelope by leveraging dream and action, voice and language, body and music. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Penelope disambiguation.
Beekes Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Samuel Butler.
A Narratological commentary on the Odyssey , p. Introduction to Robert Fagles 's translation of The Odyssey p. This [ Website by EB Media.get link
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